Peeling skin (desquamation) is a normal occurrence which happens as a reaction to a number of inflammatory processes. The surface of the skin is covered with dead cells that continually fall off and get replaced with new ones. Despite losing over a million of dead cells on a daily basis, this phenomenon is hardly visible, dying cells occur more on the top of our head where our hair is and those cells are also known as dandruff.
There are numerous number of diseases that can cause intensified peeling and flaking of the skin. Increased peeling affects mostly only limited parts of the skin, but can be extended to the entire surface. Exfoliated skin cells can vary in color, if among the keratinocytes (which are a part from the flakes) air gets sucked in the shells will be white-silvery color, but if the shells are oily they will be a yellow color.
The skin peels off regularly after soaking or coating in boric acid, or strong disinfectants. Lubrication iodine also causes skin peeling and when taking certain kind of medication like morphine, belladonna, aspirin.
Lack of certain vitamins can cause the skin to peel, lack of vitamin B-2 causes redness and peeling around the lips and eyes, a lack of vitamin B group causes the disease called pellagra and is characterized by peeling dark and dry skin. Increased peeling occurs after inflammation of the skin also better known as sunburn peels.
Peeling occurs after many infectious diseases, especially those accompanied by a rash. The most prominent peeling occurs after scarlet fever in the second week of the disease, especially in the fingers and toes, the palms and soles. Fine, fluffy peeling occurs after measles and rubella (German measles). There are long-term, chronic skin disease characterized by peeling. One of the most common and its best known as psoriasis, raised red plaques that are severely limited and covered with silvery scales, if the flakes forcibly removed, it can even cause bleeding. Such changes usually occur on the head in the area of the hair and knees.
Fungal infections are a common cause of peeling of the skin, for example. pityriasis, occurs particularly in young people in the form of sharp spots, usually on the neck and back. Stains are usually half a centimeter in diameter and they are usually tan colored and covered with tiny scales.